بسم الله الرّحمن الرّحيم
If we study the traditions regarding the creation of the universe, the reality will emerge that Allah – the High – did not create everything directly and without means. Rather, He only created the pure ‘light’ of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and his Ahle Bait (a.s.) through His Will (Masheeyyat). Thereafter, He gave existence to the rest of the creations through the medium of the ‘light’ of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and his Ahle Bait (a.s.) For the sake of brevity, we cite a few traditions on this subject:
1. Jaabir Ibn Abdullah Ansari (r.a.) asked the Holy Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.a.), “What was the first creation of Allah? He (s.a.w.a.) replied,
‘O Jaabir! Allah first created the ‘light’ of your Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and then He created all goodness from it.”
(Beharul Anwaar, vol. 57, p. 170)
2. Abbas, the uncle of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), narrates that he (s.a.w.a.) said, “O my respected uncle! Allah created us at a time when there was neither sky nor earth, nor Arsh nor Paradise nor Hell. We glorified Allah at the time when no (form of) glorification existed. We revered Him at a time when there was no (idea of) reverence. When Allah intended to create the creation, He split my ‘light’ and created the ‘throne’ (Arsh) from it. The ‘light’ of the ‘throne’ is from my ‘light’ and my ‘light’ is from the ‘light’ of Allah. Hence I am superior to the ‘throne’.
Then Allah split the ‘light’ of Ali (a.s.) and created the angels from it. The ‘light’ of the angels is from the ‘light’ of Ali Ibn Abi Taalib (a.s.). The ‘light’ of Ali Ibn Abi Taalib is from the ‘light’ of Allah and hence Ali is superior to the angels.
Then Allah split the ‘light’ of my daughter Fatima (s.a.) and created the heavens and the earths from it. The ‘light’ of the earths and the skies is from the ‘light’ of my daughter Fatima (s.a.). The ‘light’ of Fatima (s.a.) is from the ‘light’ of Allah and Fatima (s.a.) is superior to the earth and the skies.
Then Allah split the ‘light’ of Hasan (a.s.) and created the sun and moon from it. The ‘light’ of the sun and the moon is from the ‘light’ of Hasan. The ‘light’ of Hasan is from the ‘light’ of Allah and Hasan (a.s.) is superior to the sun and the moon.
Then Allah split the ‘light’ of Husain (a.s.) and created paradise and the wide-eyed houries from it. The ‘light’ of paradise and the houries is from the ‘light’ of Husain (a.s.). The ‘light’ of Husain (a.s.) is from the ‘light’ of Allah and Husain (a.s.) is superior to paradise and the houries.’
(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 25, pp. 16-17)
3. Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) said,
“Allah the Almighty created us and created us in the best of forms. He fashioned our features and granted us the best characteristics. Then He appointed us as His representatives over His creation. He chose us as His tongue amongst His creation. He selected us as His hand of mercy and kindness amongst His servants; He chose us as the face through which one can recognise Him and His door thorough which one can approach Him. He appointed us the guardian of the treasures in His heaven and the earth.
It is on our account that the trees bear fruit, the fruits ripen and the river flow with abundant water. It is due to us that Allah sends down the rain from the skies and vegetation sprouts from the earth. Allah is (truly) worshipped on account of our worship. If we were absent, Allah would not be worshipped at all.”
(Tauheed of Shaykh Sadooq (r.a.), p. 151, H. 8)
A tradition on this topic has been narrated by Ibn Ya’foor from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) which reinforces the subjects outlined in the above traditions,
“Allah created a creation and entrusted all the affairs of religions to it. We are that creation.”
(Tauheed of Shaykh Sadooq (r.a.), p. 152, H. 9)
There are several narrations on this topic in books of traditions. For further study, one can refer to the traditions reported in Beharul Anwaar volumes 35 and 57, Ehqaqul Haq volumes 9 and 15, Usoole’ Kafi volume 1, etc.
These traditions clarify the point completely that Allah the Almighty created this universe through the means of Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) and the Ahle Bait (a.s.). In fact, one can say that He created the entire universe through their ‘light’.