The entire universe belongs to Allah the Almighty. He does what He wishes to do. No one can curtail His Power or Authority. Importantly, Allah has appointed the Infallible Imams (a.s.) as the source of all His entire beneficence and blessings. On this premise, these Infallible Imams (a.s.) can possess anything in the universe. Therefore, our responsibility is that we acquire recognition of these honoured ones, who have been granted power and authority over the heavens and the earth by Allah.
Besides, if we wish to live a blissful life and stay on the straight path then it’s essential for us to differentiate between truth and falsehood. Hence, these honoured ones who mirror the truth — in whose happiness lies Allah’s happiness, in whose anger lies Allah’s anger, in whose obedience lies Allah’s obedience and in whose disobedience lies Allah’s disobedience — it is obligatory for us to gain their recognition which in the end will become the reason of our well-being.
The status of Janabe Zahra (s.a.) is beyond virtuosity
The position of Janabe Zahra (s.a.) is way higher than just being virtuous.
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) says:
‘Surely, Allah is happy when Fatemah is happy and angry when Fatemah is angry’
(Ref: Behar ul Anwaar vol 30, page 353; Mustadrak Haakim, vol 3, pg 154; Mo’ajam al Kabeer vol 22, page 401; Sahih Bukhari vol 5, page 83)
This tradition makes it clear that the status of Janabe Zahra (s.a.) is much superior to just being virtuous because chastity means that every action of a person— his contentment or discontentment, happiness and anger is as per Allah’s wish. He’s content in Allah’s pleasure and angry in Allah’s anger. His actions are a reflection of Allah’s wish. But, this isn’t the case with Janabe Zahra (s.a.) because here Allah is pleased with what Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) is pleased with and angered with what she is angered.
It’s impossible to get true recognition of (marefat) Janabe Zahra (s.a.)
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) says:
‘Fatemah was named Fatemah because the entire creation was hopeless in recognising her’
(Behar Al Anwar, vol 43, page 65)
The words of the tradition are worthy of focusing deeper. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) has emphasised on ‘entire creation’ which barring Allah, includes not only people but even the honourable, the carrier of divine revelation, trustworthy of Allah, Janabe Jibraeel, Izraael, other angels in the proximity, the Greater Prophets, the Noble Messengers and the vicegerents, all are included in this.
How great must be that pious being who even the trustworthy Jibraeel cannot fully understand. Even the Prophets (a.s.) too cannot gain her true recognition. This that great being who can only be understood by Allah.
In this regard, let’s look at his narration. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) told Janabe Zahra (s.a.):
“When the representatives of Allah will settle in rows (during the Day of Judgement) at that moment Adam (a.s.) and other prophets will come for your visitation.”
(Behar ul Anwaar, vol 43, page 22).
How great is this status! Indeed, what super eminent exaltation it is for all the Prophets (a.s.) to stand in rows and call on Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.). The mind fails to grasp the prominence Allah has conferred upon this great Lady.
Surely, none can perceive the greatness of the Lady who will have Prophets (a.s.) lining up to call on her in paradise. As it is the minds fail to fathom the status of Prophets (a.s.) so how is it possible to realize the position of one who will be visited by rows of Prophets (a.s.)?
The Creation of Janabe Zahra (s.a.)
The following narration has been reported by both the Shias and Sunnis. It is so authentic from the reliability point of view that a fatwa can be delivered on its basis.
Imam Jafar Sadeq (a.s.) says:
The Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.) would kiss Janabe Zahra (s.a.) a lot. Ayesha objected to this and said: O Messenger of Allah, what is the reason behind you kissing Fatemah so much?
(Behar ul Anwaar, vol 18 pg, 315)
The Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.s.) reply to this objection has been narrated by Suyuti in Durre Mansour and Tabrani in his Mojam.
(Durre Mansour, vol 4, pg 153, Al Mojam al Kabeer, volume 22, pg 401).
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) replied:
When I went on Meraaj, I visited the paradise. From the tress of paradise I saw a tree which was better than all the other trees. There was no other tree whiter than this one or any tree more scented than this one. I partook one fruit from this tree. This fruit took the shape of a fluid in my loin and when I returned back to earth I transferred this thing given to me in trust into the womb of Khadija from which Fatemah was formed. Therefore, whenever I am desirous of smelling paradise, I smell Fatemah.
(Tafseer-e-Noorus Saqalain, vol 3, pg 98).
Pay attention to this account. In all the Prophets, Messengers and the entire creation, the most excellent and the most honourable is Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.s.). The purest of place is paradise and from this paradise the most special tree and from this exclusive tree the best fruit. From here begins the pure existence of Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) and this creation is physical creation. Meaning, the thing from which Janabe Zahra’s (s.a.) body was formed was from the most beautiful of fruit.
The relation of body and soul.
From the Quranic point of view, the body and soul have one relation. On the creation of Hazrat Adam (a.s.) Quran says:
“When the clay body of Adam was completed and it became prepared for life to be breathe into it and when I fashioned him completely then I blew in it My Spirit…”
(Surah Hijr: 29)
In another place it’s mentioned:
“Surely, We’ve created man in the best form and shape.”
(Surah Teen: 4)
No other creation is better looking than humans. Man’s good features and the good form of his body are suitable and worthy for a soul to be breathe into it. Thus, the soul is only infused when the body is deserving of it. This means that all bodies of the world are not worthy enough for life to be breathe into it. When all bodies cannot possess a regular soul; a body other than the regular one is required for someone with special beneficence of Allah
The body made of worldly material is deserving for a soul to be put into it and that too that soul which is connected to Allah. For which, Allah says, “It’s His Spirit.” So, for that sacred body, which was formed after partaking a fruit from heaven, what kind of soul would be required for it? When this sacred body is different from all bodies of the world, the soul in it, too, will be different from others.
Perhaps, on this basis the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) says:
“The Almighty Allah created her from His splendorous light. When this light dazzled then the entire universe was lit up. The eyes of the angels were bedazzled, they fell down in prostration to Allah. They said, ‘O Lord! What is this light?’
Allah sent a revelation towards them: This light is from My light. I have given it space in My heavens. I have created this from My Grandeur. Through My Prophets, I will make it appear in the loin of a Prophet, who will be superior to all the other Prophets. Then, from this light I will delegate My Imams, who will arise on My command and will guide people towards My rights. After the culmination of revelations, I will appoint them as My vicegerents of earth.
(Behar ul Anwaar, volume 43, pg 12)
This is how the sacrosanct body of Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) was created with the best of fruit from heaven and Allah created her soul from His splendorous light. If there was so much grandeur accompanying this light to come into this materialistic world then what rank it will have in the hereafter?
Imam Jafar as-Sadeq (a.s.) quotes Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.):
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) says, ‘Before the creation of the sky and earth, Allah created the light of Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.).’
At that moment some of them asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a. s.) Is she not a human?’ He (s.a.w.a.s.) replied, “Fatemah is a human Hoorie.” The people asked him, ‘How is she a human Hoorie.’
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) replied, ‘Allah created her from His light before He created Hazrat Adam (a.s.). At time there were only souls. When Hazrat Adam (a.s.) was created this light was placed in front of him.”
The people asked, ‘Where was Fatemah then?’
He (s.a.w.a.s.) replied, “In a treasure under the Arsh.”
The people asked, ‘What was her provision then?’
He (s.a.w.a.s.) revealed: ‘Praising and Glorifying Allah was her nourishment.’
(Behar ul Anwaar, vol 43, pg 4)
Janabe Fatemah Zahra’s (s.a.) worship
At the end of this narration The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.s.) says:
In the world of souls, under the Arsh, Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) nourishment was Praising and Glorifying Allah, which is now called as the Tasbeeh of Fatemah Zahra (s.a.). Perhaps, it’s because of this it is a heavenly Tasbeeh.
The light of Janabe Zahra (s.a.) was kept in the treasures of Arsh, her food was praising and glorifying Allah. She would be engrossed in worship in the payer niche with such intensity that her feet would be left swollen.
“There was none in this nation who would worship more than Fatemah (s.a.). She would stand and worship so much that her feet would swell.”
(Manaqib ibn Shahre Ashoob, vol 3, pg 389)
Her worship in this world points towards the truth that she continued to Praise and Glorify Allah in a similar vein as she did in the world of souls.
Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) says:
“The one who’s fortunate to gain the real recognition of Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) then he’s found Shab-e-Qadr.”
(Behar ul Anwaar, vol 43, page 66; Tafseer-e-Furaat Kufi, pg 581)
In another traditions Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (a.s.) says:
“She is Siddiqa-e-Kubra. It’s on the basis of her recognition the eras gone by moved.’
(Amali Sheikh Tusi, pg 668)
Meaning, not only this world is rotating due to the recognition of Janabe Zahra (s.a.) but it was the axis of life even for the previous eras.
Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) is a part of Messenger
One day the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) came out of his house holding Janabe Fatemah Zahra’s (s.a.) hand and he said:
“Those who know her recognise her. The ones who don’t recognise her — she is Fatemah bint Muhammad. She is a part of me. She is my heart. She the soul between my two sides. Whoever hurts her, hurts me and whoever hurts me hurts Allah.”
(Behar ul Anwaar, vol 43, pg 54)
In the light of this tradition, Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) is a part of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) did not say that she is a part of my body. Instead he (s.a.w.a.s.) said she is a part of my entity. She is a part of Prophethood and Messngership. Her soul is in the heart of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).
The heart of Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.s.) is not an ordinary heart. Rather, it is the centre of all sciences, from the first to the last. The heart holds complete knowledge of all the Prophets (a.s). All the phenomenon of Prophets and Vicegerents are present in it. Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) is a mirror image of all those sciences and phenomenon. She (s.a.) is an all-encompassing picture of all the sciences and phenomenon.
According to a narration from Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) the eras of the past our still moving because of her recognition. Meaning, if there was no recognition of hers in the eras gone by or if there were no effect of this recognition then these eras wouldn’t have existed. Therefore, the entire universe — right from the beginning till the end — is progressing because of her recognition.
How the companions behaved
In view of the aforementioned greatness of Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) and keeping in mind the delightful traditions of Holy Prophet (s.a.wa.s.) on her there’s one question which lingers.
How did the companions of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) behave with her? After the demise of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) how did the people treat her? This is what history has to say:
When the usurpers of the right of Ameerul Momineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) landed at his door and asked him to come out, Imam Ali (a.s.) wanted to come out and see who was at the door. But, Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) stopped him from going and she herself attended the door. This was the time when Umar had come to take allegiance for Abu Bakr. Umar said, “I swear by the One who has my life in His hand. You people hand over him [Imam Ali (a.s.)] or else I will burn this house with its members.”
At this moment the people said, “O Abu Hafs (Umar’s agnomen) Janabe Fatemah happens to be in this house.”
He said: “So what!”
(Al Imamah wa Siyasah, vol 1 page 19)
Reacting to this Janabe Fatemah (s.a.) said: I haven’t seen more shameless and ill-mannered people than you. You all have the abandoned the sacred body of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and come here to usurp our rights.
(Al Imamah wa Siyasah)
These are those who grew under the tutelage of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and their entire status was because of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). Whatever was their social standing was because of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). Despite of all this they left his (s.a.w.a.s.) dead body and sped towards worldly gains. And, now they were on the verge of setting alight his daughter’s (s.a.) house, who happens to be Chief of the Ladies of Paradise.
The question which comes to mind here is, what happened in a span of two or three days for the people to change so drastically? These are the same people who would offer prayers behind Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.)? And when the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) summoned everyone to the mosque and when it came to raising the shirt, the air inside the mosque rented with loud cries. These are the same people had changed so drastically that they were now setting the house on fire with no signs of remorse or respect in their hearts.
The calamities befalling Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.)
Saeed Ibn Jubair narrates from Ibn Abbas:
“One day Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) was sitting when Imam Hasan (a.s.) came. He (s.a.w.a.s.) welcomed him and delightfully seated him on his right lap. Then, Imam Husain (a.s.) came. He (s.a.w.a.s.) welcomed him too and seated him on his left lap. Then, Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) came and sat alongside Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.). After that Ameerul Momineen (a.s.) came and he sat on the right of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.).
Whenever any one of them would arrive, Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) would cry his heart out. Someone asked, “O Messenger of Allah why are you grieving so incessantly?
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) then revealed their virtues and the sufferings they would face. When the talk reached to Janabe Zahra (s.a.) after elucidating her virtues he (s.a.w.a.s.) said:
“When I see her, I remember those afflictions which will befall her after me.”
Amali Shaikh Sadooq (a.r.), gathering 24, pg 99; Behar ul Anwaar, vol 28, pg 37)
The Ahle Sunnah, too, has reported this tradition.
(Faraiedus Simtain, vol 2, pg 25)
Have they forgotten to pay attention to the meaning of the tradition after reporting it? If in Janabe Fatemah’s (s.a.w.a.s.) happiness lies Allah’s happiness and in her anger lies Allah’s anger, then what of those who oppressed her?
When Abu Bakr and Umar went to meet Janabe Zahra (s.a.), she told them:
“I take Allah and the angels as witness and say, that you two have angered me and not pleased me in any way.”
(Al Imamah wa Siyasah, vol 1, pg 20)
Isn’t Janabe Zahra’s (s.a.) anger Allah’s anger and His messenger’s anger? Moreover, hasn’t the one who angered Janabe Zahra (s.a.) deviated from the right path? They tell us we shouldn’t narrate such incidents as whatever has transpired has transpired and there is no benefit recounting these issues now.
Actually, it is necessary even now to know who was Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.s.) rightful successor so that the facts are ascertained and truth is manifested. It is also necessary to investigate those who stopped truth from prevailing and misled the masses so that we follow the truth and refrain from the evil.
How eloquent is this sentence from ZIyarat-e-Aale Yaseen:
“(O Master of the time) Truth is that which pleases you and falsehood is that which angers you.”
In reality, Imam’s (a.s.) satisfaction or displeasure determines truth and falsehood.
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) this too: As if I am present in that time and witnessing how lowly and despicable characters are entering this house.
What can be more offensive than the fact that ill-mannered people are at the door wanting to set the house on fire? Isn’t back answering like this and setting ablaze the house of Prophethood and guidance humiliating for its members? Can there be anything more offending and obtruding for Ameerul Momineen (a.s.) to watch a door being fell on his wife and she being tortured so much that her ribs were left fractured.
Take a look at the following incident:
Ibn Abil Hadid Mutazali — a famous scholar from Ahle Sunnah who subscribed to the Mutazali school of thought writes:
One day I recounted the incident of conquest of Mecca and Habbar ibn Aswad in front of my teacher Abu Jafar Naqeet. Following the conquest of Mecca, the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.a.s.), despite being immensely merciful, had declared the killing of few people as permissible. One of them was Habbar ibn Aswad. When the ladies from Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.s.) family were migrating to Madina from Mecca, one among from them was Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.s.) foster daughter Zainab. Habbar had thrown a spear towards her which killed her child. In Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.s.) view the crime was so gruesome that he had made the blood of Habbar ibn Aswad permissible.
Ibn Abil Hadid says: My teacher Abu Jafar Naqeet said, ‘If the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) was alive then wouldn’t he have declared permissible the blood of those who had terrified and threatened Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) because of which her unborn child Mohsin was martyred?
(Sharhe Nahjul Balagah ibn Abil Hadid, vol 3, pg 35)
Now, take a look at the statement of Zahabi, a reliable scholar from the Ahle Sunnah, which he has mentioned in his book ‘Mizanul Etadal’
“Umar pushed Fatemah so much force because of which resulted in Mohsin’s death.’
(Mizanul Etadal, vol 1, pg 139, edition 552)
Janab Abu Baseer says, I asked Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.): Why did Janabe Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) departed from this world at such a young age?
He (a.s.) replied: She was martyred young because Umar’s slave, Qunfooz carried out Umar’s order and attacked Janabe Zahra (s.a.) so harshly with the sheath of his sword that Mohsin was killed because of which Janabe Zahra (s.a.) had become very weak.”
(Dalailul Imamat, pg 134)