Some statistical facts about the sermon of Ghadeer

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) explicitly mentioned the name of Imam Ali (as) in his sermon about forty times besides many more instances that he (s.a.w.a.s.) referred to him by pronoun. He (s.a.w.a.s.)   repeatedly  used  the  following  titles  for Imam Ali (a.s.) in this sermon:

  •  Wali and Mawla (guardian) fifteen times.
  • Imam (leader) twelve times.
  • Amir (commander) seven times.
  • Wasi (executor of the will and deputy of the affairs)seven times.
  • Akh (brother) four times.
  • Khalifa (successor) three times.
  • Hadi (guide) three times.
  • The  Prophet  explicitly  mentioned  the  word  A’imma (Imams), referring to the eleven Imams after Imam Ali (PBUH), nine times in his sermon.
  • The sermon also refers to over one hundred verses of the Holy Quran   concerning   Imam   Ali   (PBUH) and   his authority, his followers, and their enemies.
    The number of sentences categorized by some important subjects of the sermon is as follows:
  • Over  fifty  sentences  on  the  Walaya of  Imam  Ali (a.s.).
  • Twenty sentences about his virtues, yet stressing that it  is impossible to  enumerate all  his  virtues  in  the sermon.
  • Twenty-five sentences about the followers (Shia) o fImam Ali (a.s.) and their enemies.
  • Ten sentences on the Walaya of the Imams (PBUT) afterhim.
  • Twenty  sentences  specifically  about  Imam  Mahdi (a.t.f.s.),  the  last  divinely  appointed  Imam  who  will establish the divine government on earth at the end of time.
  • Twelve sentences about the importance of the Quran, and introducing Imam Ali (a.s.) and his children as its exclusive authorized interpreters.
  • Ten sentences on urging people to pledge their fealty to Imam Ali (a.s.)  and the Imams after him from his offspring.

Wilayat-e-Ahle Bayt (a.s.)

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَا يُسْأَلُ عَنْهُ الْعَبْدُ إِذَا وَقَفَ بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ عَنِ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْمَفْرُوضَاتِ وَ عَنِ الزَّكَاةِ الْمَفْرُوضَةِ وَ عَنِ الصِّيَامِ الْمَفْرُوضِ وَ عَنِ الْحَجِّ الْمَفْرُوضِ وَ عَنْ وَلَايَتِنَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ فَإِنْ أَقَرَّ بِوَلَايَتِنَا ثُمَّ مَاتَ عَلَيْهَا قُبِلَتْ مِنْهُ صَلَاتُهُ وَ صَوْمُهُ وَ زَكَاتُهُ وَ حَجُّهُ وَ إِنْ لَمْ يُقِرَّ بِوَلَايَتِنَا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ لَمْ يَقْبَلِ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مِنْهُ شَيْئاً مِنْ أَعْمَالِه‏

Imam Sadeq (a.s.) says: The first thing Allah (swt) will ask a servant when he stands in front of Him (following his death) is his obligatory salat, zakat, fast, hajj and wilayat of Ahle Bayt (a.s.). One who acknowledges our wilayat and dies on it his salat, zakat, fast and hajj will be accepted. And if he doesn’t acknowledge our wilayat, Allah will not accept anything from his action.

Behar Al-Anwaar vol 27, page 167, Amaali Saduq pg 154, 155

The Greatness of Imam Hasan (a.s.)

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (A.S) was an active participant in the Jung-e-Jamal (Battle of camel where Ayesha the daughter of Abu Bakr and also the wife of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.a.s. led her fanatic bunch against Imam Ali. It was Islam’s first civilian war and it was due to Ayesha’s visceral hate for Prophet’s family resulted in thousands losing their lives).

In one of the attacks, Imam Ali (a.s.) gave his spear to his younger son, Mohammad Hanafia, and told him to fight with it…

Hanafia and killed many but when he faced a strong group of enemies from Bani Zebba he couldn’t get the better of them and had to retreat back to his father.

Imam Hasan (a.s.) took the spear and entered the battle like a lion. Such was the intensity of his warfare that the colour of his spear had turned red with the enemies’ blood.

He then returned to his father. When Mohammad Hanafia saw him, he dropped his head in embarrassment and his face turned red.

Imam Ali (a.s.) said, “Don’t look down upon yourself, because he is son of Our Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) but you are Ali’s son.”

(Bihar Al Anwar | V43 | P345)

Not even for a mountain of gold….



The early Muslims were subjected to ill-treatment and persecution just because they declared La Ilaha Illallah – There is no god but Allah.

Eighty three of them migrated to Ethiopia, led by Ja’fer ibn Abu Talib. When the Makkans learnt that the Muslims were having a comfortable refuge in Ethiopia they sent a delegation   to   King   Najashi   of   Ethiopia  loaded   with invaluable gifts with a mission to seek the return of the Muslims.

After presenting the gifts they approached the King in his court saying that the Muslims believed in a Prophet who spoke against Prophet Isa (A.S.) – Jesus.

Turning to Ja’fer, the King asked: “What do you say about Jesus?”

Ja’fer recited the following aya of Qur’an:

‘The Messiah, Isa son of Marium was the messenger of Allah and His word which He cast to Marium and a spirit from Him”

Suratun Nisa –  4:171

King Najashi picked a piece of wood from the ground and said:

“By God! Jesus was not even a bit higher than what you have said. Not higher than even the measure of this piece of wood”

He turned to the delegation of Makkans and said:

“I am not going to harm them even if I were given a mountain of gold. Take away all the gifts you have brought for God did not receive any bribe from me when He blessed me with this kingdom, nor did He pay any heed to what others said about me when He decided to raise me to this status.

The pray of Prophet Zakariyyaa

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

The cries of help raised by Imam Husain (a.s.) on the day of Ashura didn’t die away in Karbala itself. Indeed, it reverberated with greater intensity with the passage of time. Those who weren’t present in this physical world but were yet to come too had said labbaik on hearing his (a.s.) plea.

There’s a strong connection between the martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s.) and the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s.). In the traditions narrated by Imam Husain (a.s.) as well as in supplications, we find the mention of Imam Mahdi (a.s.). Imam Mahdi (a.s.) too has often spoken about the afflictions that befell Imam Husain (a.s.).

Imam Husain (a.s.) in the eyes of Imam Mahdi (a.s.)

Sa’ad bin Abdullah Qummi states that I inquired from Imam Mahdi (a.s.) the explanation of ‘kaaf haa yaa ayn saad.’ (Surah Maryam)

He said: “These are the concealed words with which Allah had forewarned His servant Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) and also reiterated it to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.). Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) had requested Allah to teach him the five (special) names and Allah had taught him those names through Janab Jibraeel (a.s.). When Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) would take the names of Muhammad (s.a.w.a.), Ali (a.s.), Fatima (s.a) and Hasan (a.s.) then the grief within him would subside. But, when he took the name of Husain (a.s.) his sorrow would intensify. One day he implored Allah, ‘Oh Allah, when I take four names I find rest and inner peace but when I take the name of Husain, then sorrow overcomes me and tears start flowing from my eyes. Allah revealed the significance of these words.

‘kaaf’ means Karbala, ‘Haa’ refers to the massacre and martyrdom of the chaste progeny, ‘yaa’ is for the oppressor Yazeed, ‘ayn’ stands for thirst and ‘saad’ is for the patience of Imam Husain (a.s.).

On hearing this Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) became so anguished that he did not leave his prayer niche for three days. He did not allow anyone to come near him. Even as he wept incessantly, he kept saying,

‘O Allah, I am in grief because calamities will befall on the son of Your best creation. O Allah! Grant me a son who will be a support in my old age, who will be the light of my eyes, who will be my inheritor and my vicegerent. And then you involve me in his misery, just like how You have involved Your beloved messenger Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.) in his son’s sorrow.’

Allah granted Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) a son named Yahya (a.s.) and then involved him in his suffering. Janabe Yahya (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) were born after six months of pregnancy’.”

According to the traditions of Imam al-Baqir and Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq the names Yahya and Husain were given by Allah and no one knew these names before.
The murderer of Prophet Salih’s camel, Yahya’s, Imam ‘Ali’s, and Imam Husain’s murders were all adulterers.

It is said that the earth and the heavens did not weep for anyone except Yahya and Imam Husain. The sun lamented on their martyrdom. It became red like blood while rising and setting. According to another tradition, it rained blood. If a white colored cloth was spread on the ground it might have become red, and blood started oozing from below the stones.

Abu Bakr’s evil plan to assassinate Imam Ali

When Fadak was forcefully usurped from the Chief of the Ladies of Universe — Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) — by the first caliph Abu Bakr, the infallible daughter of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a) ordered that curtains should be drawn inside Masjid-e-Nabawi.

Following which, Janabe Zahra (s.a.) entered the mosque and gave an articulate and coherent sermon. First, she (s.a.) averred the Oneness of Allah the Almighty then she spoke about Islam and its laws after which she (s.a.) started to converse on the issue of Fadak.

Janabe Fatemah (s.a.) said: “Everyone is fully aware that Fadak was gifted to me by my respected father (s.a.w.a.) and it was under my ownership. Therefore, on what premises has the government confiscated it?”

After her speech, Abu Bakr retorted, “We want you prove to us by producing witnesses that what you claim [that Fadak was gifted to you by The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.)]”

Ironically, in the light of Islamic laws, it is Abu Bakr who should have put forward evidence for claiming Fadak from Fatemah Zahra (s.a.). Religious rules clearly state that a thing which is already in possession of a Muslim is in itself an irrefutable evidence that the thing belongs to him/her.

On this basis, Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab should have brought forward evidence for filching Fadak from the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.).

Ameerul Momineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.), Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) testified that Fadak was gifted to Janabe Zahra (s.a.) by her father (s.a.w.a.). The fourth witness was Umme Ayman — regarding whom Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had categorically stated that he was from among the women of paradise — and the fifth person to testify was Asma binte Umays.

But Umar rejected the testimonies of those pious personalities whom the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a..) had taken along with him to confront the Christians of Najran. This incident is famous as Mubahela and has been documented in Surah Nisa. Continue reading →