Some statistical facts about the sermon of Ghadeer

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) explicitly mentioned the name of Imam Ali (as) in his sermon about forty times besides many more instances that he (s.a.w.a.s.) referred to him by pronoun. He (s.a.w.a.s.)   repeatedly  used  the  following  titles  for Imam Ali (a.s.) in this sermon:

  •  Wali and Mawla (guardian) fifteen times.
  • Imam (leader) twelve times.
  • Amir (commander) seven times.
  • Wasi (executor of the will and deputy of the affairs)seven times.
  • Akh (brother) four times.
  • Khalifa (successor) three times.
  • Hadi (guide) three times.
  • The  Prophet  explicitly  mentioned  the  word  A’imma (Imams), referring to the eleven Imams after Imam Ali (PBUH), nine times in his sermon.
  • The sermon also refers to over one hundred verses of the Holy Quran   concerning   Imam   Ali   (PBUH) and   his authority, his followers, and their enemies.
    The number of sentences categorized by some important subjects of the sermon is as follows:
  • Over  fifty  sentences  on  the  Walaya of  Imam  Ali (a.s.).
  • Twenty sentences about his virtues, yet stressing that it  is impossible to  enumerate all  his  virtues  in  the sermon.
  • Twenty-five sentences about the followers (Shia) o fImam Ali (a.s.) and their enemies.
  • Ten sentences on the Walaya of the Imams (PBUT) afterhim.
  • Twenty  sentences  specifically  about  Imam  Mahdi (a.t.f.s.),  the  last  divinely  appointed  Imam  who  will establish the divine government on earth at the end of time.
  • Twelve sentences about the importance of the Quran, and introducing Imam Ali (a.s.) and his children as its exclusive authorized interpreters.
  • Ten sentences on urging people to pledge their fealty to Imam Ali (a.s.)  and the Imams after him from his offspring.
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Wilayat-e-Ahle Bayt (a.s.)

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَا يُسْأَلُ عَنْهُ الْعَبْدُ إِذَا وَقَفَ بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ عَنِ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْمَفْرُوضَاتِ وَ عَنِ الزَّكَاةِ الْمَفْرُوضَةِ وَ عَنِ الصِّيَامِ الْمَفْرُوضِ وَ عَنِ الْحَجِّ الْمَفْرُوضِ وَ عَنْ وَلَايَتِنَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ فَإِنْ أَقَرَّ بِوَلَايَتِنَا ثُمَّ مَاتَ عَلَيْهَا قُبِلَتْ مِنْهُ صَلَاتُهُ وَ صَوْمُهُ وَ زَكَاتُهُ وَ حَجُّهُ وَ إِنْ لَمْ يُقِرَّ بِوَلَايَتِنَا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ جَلَّ جَلَالُهُ لَمْ يَقْبَلِ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مِنْهُ شَيْئاً مِنْ أَعْمَالِه‏

Imam Sadeq (a.s.) says: The first thing Allah (swt) will ask a servant when he stands in front of Him (following his death) is his obligatory salat, zakat, fast, hajj and wilayat of Ahle Bayt (a.s.). One who acknowledges our wilayat and dies on it his salat, zakat, fast and hajj will be accepted. And if he doesn’t acknowledge our wilayat, Allah will not accept anything from his action.

Behar Al-Anwaar vol 27, page 167, Amaali Saduq pg 154, 155

The Greatness of Imam Hasan (a.s.)

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (A.S) was an active participant in the Jung-e-Jamal (Battle of camel where Ayesha the daughter of Abu Bakr and also the wife of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.a.s. led her fanatic bunch against Imam Ali. It was Islam’s first civilian war and it was due to Ayesha’s visceral hate for Prophet’s family resulted in thousands losing their lives).

In one of the attacks, Imam Ali (a.s.) gave his spear to his younger son, Mohammad Hanafia, and told him to fight with it…

Hanafia and killed many but when he faced a strong group of enemies from Bani Zebba he couldn’t get the better of them and had to retreat back to his father.

Imam Hasan (a.s.) took the spear and entered the battle like a lion. Such was the intensity of his warfare that the colour of his spear had turned red with the enemies’ blood.

He then returned to his father. When Mohammad Hanafia saw him, he dropped his head in embarrassment and his face turned red.

Imam Ali (a.s.) said, “Don’t look down upon yourself, because he is son of Our Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) but you are Ali’s son.”

(Bihar Al Anwar | V43 | P345)

The pray of Prophet Zakariyyaa

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

The cries of help raised by Imam Husain (a.s.) on the day of Ashura didn’t die away in Karbala itself. Indeed, it reverberated with greater intensity with the passage of time. Those who weren’t present in this physical world but were yet to come too had said labbaik on hearing his (a.s.) plea.

There’s a strong connection between the martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s.) and the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s.). In the traditions narrated by Imam Husain (a.s.) as well as in supplications, we find the mention of Imam Mahdi (a.s.). Imam Mahdi (a.s.) too has often spoken about the afflictions that befell Imam Husain (a.s.).

Imam Husain (a.s.) in the eyes of Imam Mahdi (a.s.)

Sa’ad bin Abdullah Qummi states that I inquired from Imam Mahdi (a.s.) the explanation of ‘kaaf haa yaa ayn saad.’ (Surah Maryam)

He said: “These are the concealed words with which Allah had forewarned His servant Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) and also reiterated it to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.). Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) had requested Allah to teach him the five (special) names and Allah had taught him those names through Janab Jibraeel (a.s.). When Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) would take the names of Muhammad (s.a.w.a.), Ali (a.s.), Fatima (s.a) and Hasan (a.s.) then the grief within him would subside. But, when he took the name of Husain (a.s.) his sorrow would intensify. One day he implored Allah, ‘Oh Allah, when I take four names I find rest and inner peace but when I take the name of Husain, then sorrow overcomes me and tears start flowing from my eyes. Allah revealed the significance of these words.

‘kaaf’ means Karbala, ‘Haa’ refers to the massacre and martyrdom of the chaste progeny, ‘yaa’ is for the oppressor Yazeed, ‘ayn’ stands for thirst and ‘saad’ is for the patience of Imam Husain (a.s.).

On hearing this Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) became so anguished that he did not leave his prayer niche for three days. He did not allow anyone to come near him. Even as he wept incessantly, he kept saying,

‘O Allah, I am in grief because calamities will befall on the son of Your best creation. O Allah! Grant me a son who will be a support in my old age, who will be the light of my eyes, who will be my inheritor and my vicegerent. And then you involve me in his misery, just like how You have involved Your beloved messenger Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.) in his son’s sorrow.’

Allah granted Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) a son named Yahya (a.s.) and then involved him in his suffering. Janabe Yahya (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) were born after six months of pregnancy’.”

According to the traditions of Imam al-Baqir and Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq the names Yahya and Husain were given by Allah and no one knew these names before.
The murderer of Prophet Salih’s camel, Yahya’s, Imam ‘Ali’s, and Imam Husain’s murders were all adulterers.

It is said that the earth and the heavens did not weep for anyone except Yahya and Imam Husain. The sun lamented on their martyrdom. It became red like blood while rising and setting. According to another tradition, it rained blood. If a white colored cloth was spread on the ground it might have become red, and blood started oozing from below the stones.

Some innovations introduced by second caliph Umar in Islam

Second Caliph Umar ibn al Khattab (la) introduced numerous innovations in Islam (that did not exist during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and forbade things which the Prophet himself had enjoined. To quote a few:

1) He initiated the congregational Tarweeh prayer in the month of Ramzan, which the Prophet himself had forbidden it upon the community (Imam al- Bukhari, “Sahih”, vol. 3 and 8)

2) He added the following line into the adhan of the Fajr prayers, “As-Salatu khairum minan nawm (Prayer is better than sleep)” (Imam al-Malik, “al-Muwatta”)

3) Pointing the index finger during recitation of salutations (salam) in prayers towards the Kaabah (Shibli al-Nomani, “al-Farooq”; Shah Waliyullah Muhaddith al-Dehlawi, “Izalatul Khifa”, vol. 3)

4) Changed the ruling of the Noble Prophet by treating three pronounced divorces in one sitting and same time, as one (Imam al-Muslim, “Sahih”)

5) The first one to award himself the title of Amirul Mumeneen (Imam al-Bukhari, “Sahih”; Ibn Khaldun, “al-Muqaddamah”; Shibli Numani, “al-Farooq”)

6) Entered into a treaty with the Christians of Syria in which he offered them entirely new terms by drafting a document that sought to humiliate them, quite contrary to the Prophet’s dealings with them (Ibn Taymiyah, “al-Fatawa”; Ibn Hazm, “al-Muhalla”; Shibli al-Numani, “al-Farooq”)

7) Ordered the killing of Magians (Zoroastrian). (Abu Dawud, “al-Sunan”, bk. 19)

8) Depriving the Ahlul Bayt of the Prophet a share from the khums after his death

9) Despatching cruel commanders (like Khalid b. Walid) with drawn swords and large troops to expand his dominion under the pretext of spreading Islam far and wide

10) Forbidding the writing of Prophetic traditions (Hadith)

11) Prohibiting the pronouncement of “Hayya ala khairil Amal” (come towards the best deed As-Salat) in the adhan (Imam al-Malik, “al-Muwatta”; al-Taftazani, “Shahr al-Maqasid”; al-Qushaji, “Shahr al-Tajrid”; Ali al-Halabiyah, “Siratul Halabiyah”

12) Prohibited the mutah (temporary marriage) of Hajj and mutah with women while both of these were permitted during the lifetime of the Prophet (Imam al-Bukhari, “Sahih”; Imam al-Muslim, “Sahih”, vol. 1; al-Taftazni, “Shahr al-Maqasid”; al-Qushaji, “Shahr al-Tajrid”). He most audaciously declared, “There are two mutah which existed in the time of the Prophet of Allah and during Abu Bakr which I have banned and I will punish those who disobey my orders – these two are the mutah of the Hajj and the mutah of the women.” Imam Ali says, “If Umar had not forbidden mutah, there would have been only a few unfortunate men who committed fornication.” (al-Tabari, “al-Tafsir”). Abdullah b. Abbas also comments saying, “Muttah was a blessing that Allah, the Almighty, endowed the nation of Muhammad and had it not been prohibited, no one except the truly perverted ones would have committed adultery.” (Ibn Athar, “al-Nihiyah”; al-Zamakhshari, “al-Faiq”)

13) He forbade the mahr for women to be more than 400 dirhams, even when a woman in the public pointed out a verse from the Quran permitting it. (Jalaluddin al-Suyyti, “Tafsir Durr al-Manthur”, vol. 2; Ibn Kathir, “al-Tafsir”, vol. 1; al-Zamakhshari, “Tafsir al-Kashshif”, vol. 1; Ibn Majah, “al-Sunan” vol. 1; al-Baihaqi, “Sunan al-Kubra”, vol. 1; al-Qastalani “Irshadus Sari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari” vol. 8; Muttaqi al-Hindi, “Kanzul Ummal” vol. 8; Hakim al-Naishapuri, “al-Mustadrak” vol. 2), and many more acts.

One should refer to the words of the Quran, “And whatever the Apostle give you, accept it, and whatever he prevents you from, keep away from it; and fear (the wrath of Allah); Verily Allah is severe in retribution.” Sura Hashr (59): 7) — however Umar seemed to be heedless of this injunction of the Quran!

The title Abul Qasim in its true sense

In The Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

ghadeer_khum_by_amira8-d32hrbdOnce Hasan bin Fazal asked Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) why the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was called Abul Qasim. He said: “Because the name of one of his sons was Qasim.” Hasan asked: “Do your honor, not regard me worthy of being informed more than this?”
The Imam (a.s.) said: “Why not? Perhaps you are not aware that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has said: I and Ali are two fathers of this Ummah.” I said: “I do know that.” Then he asked again: “Do you know that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is the father of this entire Ummah?” I said: “Yes, I know.” He asked further: “Do you know that Ali (a.s.) is the distributor of Paradise and Hell?” I said: “Yes.” He said: “The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is the father of the distributor of Paradise and Hell and hence the Almighty Allah gave him the title of Abul Qasim (father of the distributor).” I asked: “In what way is his being the father?” He replied: “It means that the admiration and love of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) for the entire Ummah is like the affection of a father for his children. And Ali (a.s.) is the best individual in Prophet’s
Ummah. Similarly after the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), the love of Ali for the Ummah is like Prophet’s love because he is his legatee and the leader of the Ummah.
Hence it is said by him that: I and Ali are two fathers of this Ummah.” Then the Imam said: “One day the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) went to the pulpit and said: If a man dies leaving behind some debt and family members, the responsibility of his debt and maintenance of his family members is on me and if a man dies and leaves behind him his heirs and also wealth, then that wealth belongs to his heirs.”
Because of this the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has the right over his Ummah which is higher than their own right over their lives. Likewise, Ali’s right over the lives of the Ummah, after the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a), was higher than the Ummah’s right over their own lives.”

 

Ref: Hayat Al Quloob