The pray of Prophet Zakariyyaa

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

The cries of help raised by Imam Husain (a.s.) on the day of Ashura didn’t die away in Karbala itself. Indeed, it reverberated with greater intensity with the passage of time. Those who weren’t present in this physical world but were yet to come too had said labbaik on hearing his (a.s.) plea.

There’s a strong connection between the martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s.) and the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s.). In the traditions narrated by Imam Husain (a.s.) as well as in supplications, we find the mention of Imam Mahdi (a.s.). Imam Mahdi (a.s.) too has often spoken about the afflictions that befell Imam Husain (a.s.).

Imam Husain (a.s.) in the eyes of Imam Mahdi (a.s.)

Sa’ad bin Abdullah Qummi states that I inquired from Imam Mahdi (a.s.) the explanation of ‘kaaf haa yaa ayn saad.’ (Surah Maryam)

He said: “These are the concealed words with which Allah had forewarned His servant Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) and also reiterated it to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.). Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) had requested Allah to teach him the five (special) names and Allah had taught him those names through Janab Jibraeel (a.s.). When Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) would take the names of Muhammad (s.a.w.a.), Ali (a.s.), Fatima (s.a) and Hasan (a.s.) then the grief within him would subside. But, when he took the name of Husain (a.s.) his sorrow would intensify. One day he implored Allah, ‘Oh Allah, when I take four names I find rest and inner peace but when I take the name of Husain, then sorrow overcomes me and tears start flowing from my eyes. Allah revealed the significance of these words.

‘kaaf’ means Karbala, ‘Haa’ refers to the massacre and martyrdom of the chaste progeny, ‘yaa’ is for the oppressor Yazeed, ‘ayn’ stands for thirst and ‘saad’ is for the patience of Imam Husain (a.s.).

On hearing this Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) became so anguished that he did not leave his prayer niche for three days. He did not allow anyone to come near him. Even as he wept incessantly, he kept saying,

‘O Allah, I am in grief because calamities will befall on the son of Your best creation. O Allah! Grant me a son who will be a support in my old age, who will be the light of my eyes, who will be my inheritor and my vicegerent. And then you involve me in his misery, just like how You have involved Your beloved messenger Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.) in his son’s sorrow.’

Allah granted Janab Zakariyyaa (a.s.) a son named Yahya (a.s.) and then involved him in his suffering. Janabe Yahya (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) were born after six months of pregnancy’.”

According to the traditions of Imam al-Baqir and Imam Ja‘far as-Sadiq the names Yahya and Husain were given by Allah and no one knew these names before.
The murderer of Prophet Salih’s camel, Yahya’s, Imam ‘Ali’s, and Imam Husain’s murders were all adulterers.

It is said that the earth and the heavens did not weep for anyone except Yahya and Imam Husain. The sun lamented on their martyrdom. It became red like blood while rising and setting. According to another tradition, it rained blood. If a white colored cloth was spread on the ground it might have become red, and blood started oozing from below the stones.

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Some innovations introduced by second caliph Umar in Islam

Second Caliph Umar ibn al Khattab (la) introduced numerous innovations in Islam (that did not exist during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and forbade things which the Prophet himself had enjoined. To quote a few:

1) He initiated the congregational Tarweeh prayer in the month of Ramzan, which the Prophet himself had forbidden it upon the community (Imam al- Bukhari, “Sahih”, vol. 3 and 8)

2) He added the following line into the adhan of the Fajr prayers, “As-Salatu khairum minan nawm (Prayer is better than sleep)” (Imam al-Malik, “al-Muwatta”)

3) Pointing the index finger during recitation of salutations (salam) in prayers towards the Kaabah (Shibli al-Nomani, “al-Farooq”; Shah Waliyullah Muhaddith al-Dehlawi, “Izalatul Khifa”, vol. 3)

4) Changed the ruling of the Noble Prophet by treating three pronounced divorces in one sitting and same time, as one (Imam al-Muslim, “Sahih”)

5) The first one to award himself the title of Amirul Mumeneen (Imam al-Bukhari, “Sahih”; Ibn Khaldun, “al-Muqaddamah”; Shibli Numani, “al-Farooq”)

6) Entered into a treaty with the Christians of Syria in which he offered them entirely new terms by drafting a document that sought to humiliate them, quite contrary to the Prophet’s dealings with them (Ibn Taymiyah, “al-Fatawa”; Ibn Hazm, “al-Muhalla”; Shibli al-Numani, “al-Farooq”)

7) Ordered the killing of Magians (Zoroastrian). (Abu Dawud, “al-Sunan”, bk. 19)

8) Depriving the Ahlul Bayt of the Prophet a share from the khums after his death

9) Despatching cruel commanders (like Khalid b. Walid) with drawn swords and large troops to expand his dominion under the pretext of spreading Islam far and wide

10) Forbidding the writing of Prophetic traditions (Hadith)

11) Prohibiting the pronouncement of “Hayya ala khairil Amal” (come towards the best deed As-Salat) in the adhan (Imam al-Malik, “al-Muwatta”; al-Taftazani, “Shahr al-Maqasid”; al-Qushaji, “Shahr al-Tajrid”; Ali al-Halabiyah, “Siratul Halabiyah”

12) Prohibited the mutah (temporary marriage) of Hajj and mutah with women while both of these were permitted during the lifetime of the Prophet (Imam al-Bukhari, “Sahih”; Imam al-Muslim, “Sahih”, vol. 1; al-Taftazni, “Shahr al-Maqasid”; al-Qushaji, “Shahr al-Tajrid”). He most audaciously declared, “There are two mutah which existed in the time of the Prophet of Allah and during Abu Bakr which I have banned and I will punish those who disobey my orders – these two are the mutah of the Hajj and the mutah of the women.” Imam Ali says, “If Umar had not forbidden mutah, there would have been only a few unfortunate men who committed fornication.” (al-Tabari, “al-Tafsir”). Abdullah b. Abbas also comments saying, “Muttah was a blessing that Allah, the Almighty, endowed the nation of Muhammad and had it not been prohibited, no one except the truly perverted ones would have committed adultery.” (Ibn Athar, “al-Nihiyah”; al-Zamakhshari, “al-Faiq”)

13) He forbade the mahr for women to be more than 400 dirhams, even when a woman in the public pointed out a verse from the Quran permitting it. (Jalaluddin al-Suyyti, “Tafsir Durr al-Manthur”, vol. 2; Ibn Kathir, “al-Tafsir”, vol. 1; al-Zamakhshari, “Tafsir al-Kashshif”, vol. 1; Ibn Majah, “al-Sunan” vol. 1; al-Baihaqi, “Sunan al-Kubra”, vol. 1; al-Qastalani “Irshadus Sari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari” vol. 8; Muttaqi al-Hindi, “Kanzul Ummal” vol. 8; Hakim al-Naishapuri, “al-Mustadrak” vol. 2), and many more acts.

One should refer to the words of the Quran, “And whatever the Apostle give you, accept it, and whatever he prevents you from, keep away from it; and fear (the wrath of Allah); Verily Allah is severe in retribution.” Sura Hashr (59): 7) — however Umar seemed to be heedless of this injunction of the Quran!