When Fadak was forcefully usurped from the Chief of the Ladies of Universe — Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) — by the first caliph Abu Bakr, the infallible daughter of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a) ordered that curtains should be drawn inside Masjid-e-Nabawi.
Following which, Janabe Zahra (s.a.) entered the mosque and gave an articulate and coherent sermon. First, she (s.a.) averred the Oneness of Allah the Almighty then she spoke about Islam and its laws after which she (s.a.) started to converse on the issue of Fadak.
Janabe Fatemah (s.a.) said: “Everyone is fully aware that Fadak was gifted to me by my respected father (s.a.w.a.) and it was under my ownership. Therefore, on what premises has the government confiscated it?”
After her speech, Abu Bakr retorted, “We want you prove to us by producing witnesses that what you claim [that Fadak was gifted to you by The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.)]”
Ironically, in the light of Islamic laws, it is Abu Bakr who should have put forward evidence for claiming Fadak from Fatemah Zahra (s.a.). Religious rules clearly state that a thing which is already in possession of a Muslim is in itself an irrefutable evidence that the thing belongs to him/her.
On this basis, Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab should have brought forward evidence for filching Fadak from the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.).
Ameerul Momineen Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.), Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) testified that Fadak was gifted to Janabe Zahra (s.a.) by her father (s.a.w.a.). The fourth witness was Umme Ayman — regarding whom Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had categorically stated that he was from among the women of paradise — and the fifth person to testify was Asma binte Umays.
But Umar rejected the testimonies of those pious personalities whom the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a..) had taken along with him to confront the Christians of Najran. This incident is famous as Mubahela and has been documented in Surah Nisa. Continue reading →