In The Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful
Once Hasan bin Fazal asked Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) why the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was called Abul Qasim. He said: “Because the name of one of his sons was Qasim.” Hasan asked: “Do your honor, not regard me worthy of being informed more than this?”
The Imam (a.s.) said: “Why not? Perhaps you are not aware that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has said: I and Ali are two fathers of this Ummah.” I said: “I do know that.” Then he asked again: “Do you know that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is the father of this entire Ummah?” I said: “Yes, I know.” He asked further: “Do you know that Ali (a.s.) is the distributor of Paradise and Hell?” I said: “Yes.” He said: “The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is the father of the distributor of Paradise and Hell and hence the Almighty Allah gave him the title of Abul Qasim (father of the distributor).” I asked: “In what way is his being the father?” He replied: “It means that the admiration and love of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) for the entire Ummah is like the affection of a father for his children. And Ali (a.s.) is the best individual in Prophet’s
Ummah. Similarly after the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), the love of Ali for the Ummah is like Prophet’s love because he is his legatee and the leader of the Ummah.
Hence it is said by him that: I and Ali are two fathers of this Ummah.” Then the Imam said: “One day the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) went to the pulpit and said: If a man dies leaving behind some debt and family members, the responsibility of his debt and maintenance of his family members is on me and if a man dies and leaves behind him his heirs and also wealth, then that wealth belongs to his heirs.”
Because of this the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has the right over his Ummah which is higher than their own right over their lives. Likewise, Ali’s right over the lives of the Ummah, after the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a), was higher than the Ummah’s right over their own lives.”
Ref: Hayat Al Quloob
بسم الله الر حمن الرحيم
Imam Muhammad ibn Ali al-Baqir (a.s.) narrates:
Janabe Safiyah ibn Abdul Muttaleb’s son expired and at that time Umar ibn Khattab said, “Surely your relation with Muhammad (Holy Prophet s.a.w.a.s.) will not benefit you.
Safiyah then went to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) and she informed him about what Umar had said.
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) came out of his house and announced congregational prayers (namaz-e-jamaat) after which the people gathered.
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) said: Why is that some of you think that nearness to me will not benefit? If I were to stand at Maqam-al-Mahmood I will certainly do shifa in your illness. Today if anyone were to ask me about his father, I will most certainly give him the details.
One person from the crowd stood up and asked Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.), “Who is my father?”
He (s.a.w.a.s.) replied, “Your father is other than whom you are calling. Your father is so and so.”
Another person asked, “Who is my father?” He (s.a.w.a.s.) replied, “The one whom you consider.”
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.s.) then said, “Why is the one who feels that nearness to me will not benefit, stand up and ask me?”
Umar stood up and said, “I seek protection of Allah. Forgive me and Allah will forgive you.
On this occasion verse 101 of Surah Maidah was revealed.
(Ref: Behar vol 30)
بسم الله الرّحمن الرّحيم
If we study the traditions regarding the creation of the universe, the reality will emerge that Allah – the High – did not create everything directly and without means. Rather, He only created the pure ‘light’ of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and his Ahle Bait (a.s.) through His Will (Masheeyyat). Thereafter, He gave existence to the rest of the creations through the medium of the ‘light’ of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and his Ahle Bait (a.s.) For the sake of brevity, we cite a few traditions on this subject:
1. Jaabir Ibn Abdullah Ansari (r.a.) asked the Holy Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.a.), “What was the first creation of Allah? He (s.a.w.a.) replied,
‘O Jaabir! Allah first created the ‘light’ of your Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and then He created all goodness from it.”
(Beharul Anwaar, vol. 57, p. 170)
2. Abbas, the uncle of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), narrates that he (s.a.w.a.) said, “O my respected uncle! Allah created us at a time when there was neither sky nor earth, nor Arsh nor Paradise nor Hell. We glorified Allah at the time when no (form of) glorification existed. We revered Him at a time when there was no (idea of) reverence. When Allah intended to create the creation, He split my ‘light’ and created the ‘throne’ (Arsh) from it. The ‘light’ of the ‘throne’ is from my ‘light’ and my ‘light’ is from the ‘light’ of Allah. Hence I am superior to the ‘throne’. Continue reading →
Name : Muhammad (a.s.)
Title : Al-Baqir (a.s.)
Kunyat : Abu Jafar (a.s.)
Born : Tuesday 1st of Rajab 57 A.H. , at Medina
Father’s Name : Ali ibn Husain (a.s.)
Mother’s Name : Fatima binte Hasan
Died : At the age of 59 years, at Medina, on Monday, 7th Zilhajj 116 AH. Poisoned by Hisham bin Abdul Malik
Buried : Jannat-ul-Baqi.
His Birth and his early Life
He was born in Ku`fa,. He grew up in Ku`fa, the capital of the Shi’ites. He was obedient to the members of the house ( Ahl al-Bayt), and loved them very much.
His Scientific Position
He was among the most prominent and brilliant scholars of his time. He reported traditions on the authority of Imam Ali b. al-Husayn, Abu` Ja’far, and Abu Abd Allah, peace be on them. He had priority and importance with them.
Ima`m Abu` Ja’far said to him: “Sit down in the Mosque of Medina. Give religious opinions to the people. I like to see persons similar to you among my Shi’ites.
Imam Baqir (a.s.) was the foremost in all techniques of sciences of the Quran, jurisprudence, tradition, literature, language, and grammar.